There are certain things that you should do or know in order to promote campfire safety. One of these things is to select the perfect spot or place to start campfires. A perfect campfire spot should always be dry and safe for people to use. You can always look for any existing fire pits to determine whether the location has been used by campers before.
If there are no existing fire pits, you can start your own ring but you must make sure that it is at least 15 feet away from tents, shrubs and other objects that could easily catch fire. Aside from this, you must also stay away from areas with low hanging branches coming out of nearby trees. To learn more about campfire safety, here are some tips that will help you build fire properly.
Digging a Pit – Not all areas are suitable or conducive to build a campfire. However, there are several things that you should know that will help you find the best location to start a fire. First is to select a spot that is protected from wind gusts. This will help you build a much safer fire. It is also important to clear at least a 10-foot diameter around the fire site by removing grass, leaves, twigs and other dried objects.
As soon as the area is clear, you can start digging a hole that is at least a foot deep. The next thing that you should do is to encircle the hole with rocks to secure the fire ring before you can start lighting the fire.
Preparing the Campfire Pit – After the pit has been made, you can now fill the hole with dry woods, leaves and branches from trees. You must keep your unused wood away from the pit to avoid it from catching fire. It is also necessary to have a bucket of water and a shovel nearby for safety precautions.
Building a Fire – Now that the pit is prepared, you can start building your campfire in several easy steps. First is to gather three types of wood namely tinder (small and dry twigs) or commercial fire starting material like Wise Fire, kindling (sticks that are smaller than an inch), and fuel (large slabs of wood). As soon as these materials are collected, you can start piling a handful of tinder in the center of the pit.
You can then place the kindling in a tipi, crisscross, or lean-to position if you would like to use the fire for cooking. However, if you would like to have a long lasting campfire, you can always try the cross and the log-cabin position of the kindling. Once the wood and the twigs are properly positioned, you can now start igniting the tinder using a match or a lighter. Once fire is visible, you can add more tinder in order to keep the fire going if needed.
Maintaining your Campfire – Since you already have your fire, it is important to know several tips in maintaining it. You can add several slabs of wood to prevent the fire from going off. It is important to have the fire in a manageable size to make it easy for you to control. It is also vital to keep children and pets in a safe distance from the campfire. Your campfire should never be left unattended. It is also important not to use branches from live trees to maintain the heat of the fire.
Putting Out the Campfire – Now that you know how to create and maintain a campfire, it is time for you to learn how to put it off properly. This is important for you to know in order to prevent accidents from happening. First, you should always allow the wood to burn completely to ash. It is important to pour water into the fire pit and drench all embers of wood. You can only stop pouring water once the hissing sound is already gone.
Once done, you can scrape off any embers away from the pit to prevent any possible ignition. It is necessary that the wood and the remnants of the campfire are completely wet and cold to touch. In case you don’t have water, you can always use sand or dirt to cover the fire. You can use your shovel to add more dirt into the pit until the embers are already cool.
Do not Burn Dangerous Things – As added information to secure campfire safety, it is important not to use hazardous or dangerous materials in starting a fire. It is important not to burn aerosol cans or other pressurized containers since these things are possible to explode. Aside from this, adding glass in the fire pit is also not advisable. Once glass is heated, it can shatter and can increase the risk of injuring people.
Placing aluminum cans into the campfire is also not advisable since these items do not burn. Nevertheless, it can still turn into dust and can be inhaled by your lungs. This is why aluminum can be very dangerous. It is also important to clean your site before leaving and throw all inflammable wastes and garbage in the appropriate disposal bin or area.